In the case of this Hog Island fleece, I found it was particularly helpful with dissolving stains from Virginia clay. Sourced wool is the term given to greasy wool that has been washed to remove contaminants, such … Take off the very dirty wool around the edge of the fleece and check the rest of the fleece and remove any dirt, hay and any other foreign material. You may find dirt, hay, burs, and, yes, even poo! Woolen and Worsted Yarn Formation The wool is washed in successive baths of detergent solution to remove the impurities. Your email address will not be published. Here you’ll find our family’s adventures, the crafts we create, and even some of my own knitting patterns! History of the organization of work - History of the organization of work - The craft guilds: In contrast to the land-bound serfs, townspeople of the Middle Ages were free. To remove greasy matter, contaminations, dried sweat (suint) and to prepare the wool for subsequent processes. Willowing, Scouring and Dying. The wool grease is recovered and from it lanolin is extracted and used in products, such as cosmetics. Another felting warning! The shorn wool coat is called a fleece. People soon began to develop and maintain herds of wool-bearing ani… A list of participating universities is available here. Sheep hair has two types of fibres: the beard hair and skin hair. The wool grease is recovered and from it lanolin is extracted and used in products such as cosmetics. It's a time-consuming process that can be achieved by soaking the wool in warm water, but typically large wool producers use chemical additives to speed up the process. SKIRT. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a5d60f36e34ea27d4ccfd4e87ceeebc3" );document.getElementById("d792c15349").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Welcome to At Yarn’s Length! You may feel inclined to skip this step as it adds so much time to the process. Lanolin, a wax secreted by sheep that helps to protect their wool, is included in many beauty products such as skin moisturizer. As with many discoveries of early man, anthropologists believe the use of wool came out of the challenge to survive. If you plan to clean several fleeces, consider investing in Unicorn Power Scour or Kookaburra Scour Fleece Degreaser.I used regular Dawn dishwashing liquid, which is budget-friendly and works well.storage bins (or any containers for soaking)I recommend having at least two bins on hand for convenience, but you can complete the process with one in a pinch. Scoured wool is the term given to greasy wool that has been washed to remove contaminants, such as dirt, dust, sweat (suint), some vegetable matter and wool grease. Greasy wool is sometimes called 'raw' wool. It consists mainly of just letting the wool soak in soap and then draining the water and repeating until the wool is clean. To wring out the raw wool, use a salad spinner to get the last bit of water out of the fleece. Our tutorial is free ... please share! You don’t want your wool being able to move around in the bag. Felt is also made from the raw wool: for this purpose, the fibers are rolled and densely intertwined under the influence of moist heat, pressure, and soap. I’m Holly, a traveler, a knitter, and a mother of three. scouring productThere are specific products made for wool, but they don’t come cheap. Once you are satisfied with the cleanliness of the wool, take it out of the bags. 100% Natural Wool Roving, 8 OZ Corriedale, Best Core Wool for Needle Felting, Spinning, Clean, 29.5 Micron, Un-Dyed. Remove the fleece and examine it. My method is all done by hand as I don’t trust my front-loading washing machine, but there are some methods that make quicker work of this process by using spin and rinse cycles. The process is called scouring, and the weight of the raw wool can be reduced by as much as 50% by the scouring process. Wool straight off a sheep is known as "raw wool”, “greasy wool" or "wool in the grease". Secure the ends with rubber bands or clothespins so it won’t lose its shape. Always add your fleece to standing water rather than pouring the water over resting fleece. Don’t! By 4000 B.C. These brushes closely resemble pet hair brushes but are made specifically for preparing wool fibers. Merino wool has self-cleaning properties due to its unique fiber structure. However, what is often called “wool grease” is a mixture of suint, dirt, grease, and more. The process of making fibre into wool follows a series of processes: Shearing→Scouring → Sorting → Dyeing → Straightening, Rolling and Combing Rub the wool with your hands to wash it thoroughly. Small bits of debris will come out with carding. The collision of molecules releases energy, which means heat. This fleece must be cleaned before it can be processed into wool yarn. Small, stubborn stains can be clipped away.Spread the wool out gently on towels or a tarp to dry. Fibers are frequently used in the manufacture of apparel products. It is also called "grease wool" because of all the oil and lanolin in the wool. Wool is one of the most naturally inspiring fibres on the planet and undergoes a unique journey from the sheep’s back to the world of fashion. Your email address will not be published. Also called greasy/raw wool wool hand cardersYou may also use a drum carder, but they are considerably more expensive. We call them drafting. Depending on the fiber quality and provided that the wool contains moisture, the temperature can increase up to 10° Celsius. When merino wool gets wet an exothermic process takes place, which is also called absorption heat. Lock: A small, approximately finger-sized bit of wool that tends to stay together when shorn from the sheep. raw wool fleece & fiber washing tutorial. Preparing Wool for Handspinning. Add the wool to the soapy water and be sure it is submerged, taking care not to agitate. Particularly muddy fleeces or fleeces from breeds with high lanolin content in their fleeces may need a second wash. Amazon's Choice for raw wool. Carding & Combing. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. The longer fibers resulting from the process are called tops, and are in a form ready for spinning. Remember the felt warning? Sheep wool in particular contains a fatty grease called lanolin which must be cleaned from the raw wool before it's spun into yarn. Required fields are marked *. It’s time to put your gloves on! Try to keep the fibers facing the same direction. First of all, the enormous price difference between raw wool off the sheep and a ball of wool in the shop is caused by all the work that goes into the ball of wool. Scatter the raw wool across a dry towel and leave for a few hours to dry. Fill your bin with hot water, leaving room for the fleece. Since I am relatively new to spinning and definitely a novice at processing wool, this eBook was a huge help to me in understanding the ins and outs, as well as different options available, to getting the fiber I want to spin with. Remove the fleece and examine it. Let’s take a closer look. glovesI recommend a nice, thick pair of rubber gloves over disposables. The cold water presoak is simple and makes the rest of the process go more smoothly. Secreted by the glands in the sheep’s skin, natural grease originates from the sheep, as does suint and the fiber itself. The wool from 1 sheep, usually sheared in one piece. These steps include shearing the wool from the sheep, sorting and separating the wool by grade, cleaning dirt and grease from the fibers, and straightening out the cleaned fibers. These bits aren’t usable; be ruthless in ripping them out! We work closely with manufacturers involved at all stages of the wool manufacturing pipeline, developing new processes and creating new product opportunities that are both innovative and aimed at adding value to create new commercial opportunities. The fibers are cleaned of dirt. Take off the very dirty wool around the edge of the fleece and check the rest of the fleece and remove any dirt, hay and any other foreign material. Clean wool. Some of these byproducts of cleaning the wool get used for other purposes. A brush with long, needle like steel bristles is used to comb the wool. Think of a wool sweater thrown into the washer and dryer; it comes out two sizes too small and twice as thick! I put a fan on low on the opposite side of the room to encourage air flow to speed up the process. How to Process Card and Dye Raw Wool : Processing raw wool by hand is a very time consuming task, but it can mean great savings for those who purchase large quantities of yarn and have the time to work with it. This should loosen the dirt particles, making it easier for the dirt to separate from the wool or for you to remove it with some light scrubbing. Many fleeces available for purchase have already been skirted. Scouring: The actual separation of dirt, grease and foreign matter from grease wool; this is usually done in a lukewarm, mildly alkaline solution followed by a rinse. If this is a concern for you, consider a second presoak in warm water for about 15 minutes. Wool grease; this substance, sometimes called “yolk” is a secretion from the sebaceous glands of the sheep skin. Take raw fleece and lay it out on the floor. The Wool Process Wool is one of the most naturally inspiring fibres on the planet and undergoes a unique journey from the sheep’s back to the world of fashion. I wanted to gain some experience working with raw wool before I invested a lo… Carding can also be used to create various fiber blends or combine different colors. Sometimes as much as 50% of the weight of the fleece is not wool. $14.99 $ 14. 4.9 out of 5 stars 1,107. The skin hair provides the fibre to make wool. Skirting takes up much of my valuable time and I have to charge for that service. To be closer to customers, much of the industry has moved from Australia, Europe and the USA to China. Get it as soon as Fri, Jan 15. In this article you will know the history of wool, characteristics of wool fibers, woolen microstructure, sheep wool types, wool manufacturing process, uses, and the good washing of wool fabrics. If the water is very dirty or the wool looks discolored or feels soapy, you will need to rinse again. Cleaning your wool is actually a very easy process. This is just one way of doing it - using our mesh bags - there are many ways of going about cleaning a fleece.. 1. Add the wool to the soapy water and be sure it is submerged, taking care not to agitate. You are paying on incoming weight, so you are essentially paying for what is tossed in the compost. It doesn’t need to be perfect. Though the water has cooled considerably since you added the wool, you’ll still need to take care not to shock the fiber by rinsing with too-cold water. Sorting raw wool. Felting can’t be undone and it will ruin your fiber if your intent is to use your fleece, especially if your goal is to spin it into yarn. We will be in touch shortly. Straight off the sheep, fleece smells, well, sheepy, plus. Grading & Sorting. 2. We may earn compensation when you click on the links at no additional cost to you. Define clip. It usually takes 7 … The process requires that the wool be scoured (washed) and combed and sorted. Kool-aid packages Non-sweetenedI bought discount Kool-aid at Big Lots for 15 cents. Read more. A single fleece can weigh 6-18 pounds. Here is wool prior to making a yarn – it’s called a roving. SKIRT. True or false. You’ll know you have put in enough when you can dip your fingers, rub them together, and feel the slickness of the soap. If your fleece is in one piece, these are easily found by following the perimeter. Vinegar (rinse) Salt has been recommended for a better overall color. This collection of aligned fibres, without twist, is now ready for spinning into yarn. Scoured Wool. 99. a warm, soapy, wooly bath. For larger fleeces, or extremely dirty fleeces, I prefer the Suint Fermentation Method of cleaning (also called the FSM, or Fermented Suint Method). Sheep spend their lives outdoors, collecting evidence of their daily habits in their fleeces. Raw wool is usually cleaned by combing. Using age-old techniques mixed with modern technologies, wool fibres are transformed into luxuriously soft fabrics and yarns, used by the world’s best fashion designers. I lost 4/9 zipper pulls while packing them! Either a bathtub, bucket or a sink, depending on how much of the wool you want to wash at one time. This wool contains a high level of valuable lanolin, as well as the sheep's dead skin and sweat residue, and generally also contains pesticides and vegetable matter from the animal's environment.Before the wool can be used for commercial purposes, it must be scoured, a process of cleaning the greasy wool. Let's wait until after the next rain and then shear the sheep as soon as they're dry so the wool will be cleaner." Soak for 45 minutes to an hour. Raw wool: Grease wool in a natural state before scouring. Image: of Un-Washed Wool [ 1] The process sequence is Please upgrade your browser. Assuming your wool has cooled to room temperature, fill a bin with lukewarm water and let it rest for about 30 minutes. Dr Errol Wood (AgResearch): Usually around 40 to 70%. Grease is a natural part of a raw wool, but when working with fleece, we do not get in touch with pure grease. Wool carding involves separating and straightening sheep’s wool with two brushes so that it can be used to make fiber art or yarn for knitting. The fiber diameter of the wool, or the thickness in microns (measured with equipment) ... (the cleaning process). Using age-old techniques mixed with modern technologies, wool fibres are transformed into luxuriously soft fabrics and yarns, used by the world’s best fashion designers. Carbonised wool has undergone an additional cleaning process (carbonising) to remove vegetable matter, such as seeds, burrs and grass. Sometimes I purchase processed, dyed wool for felting. Carbonising is only used in the woollen processing system, not the worsted processing system. The drafting process enables the fibres to slip apart and become finer. Your browser is not fully supported. Take raw fleece and lay it out on the floor. I find that it is easier to wash batches in the sink and then let the wool … Washing raw wool (often referred to as scouring) removes dirt, straw, and wool grease – lanolin from the sheep fleece. In the worsted processing system, three steps - carding, gilling and combing - turn the scoured wool into a 'top' or combed sliver. Distilled water ( for soaking and rinsing if you have heavy minerals, chlorine, or fluoride ) These items could effect the final outcome of the wool process. Skirting is the process of removing all of the largest vegetable matter (VM), tags, which include grease and poop tags, burrs, wood shavings, sticks, etc from the wool. Thank you for expressing your interest in participating in the Woolmark Performance Challenge. Greasy wool is the raw fibre harvested from sheep during shearing, before it is cleaned during the scouring process. Because most water heaters aren’t set above 120, it’s unlikely the water will be hot enough to immediately encourage felting. There is much vegetable matter, manure and natural oil that must be removed. Fill your container with cold water, leaving enough room for the fleece. Please complete the following form to express your interest in participating in the Woolmark Performance Challenge. Easy Care. Carbon fiber and Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene are the strongest engineering materials normally made from fibers. Particularly muddy fleeces or fleeces from breeds with high lanolin content in their fleeces may need a second wash. The wool from 1 sheep, usually sheared in one piece. Part 2 (nine months later): "I'm glad we took those shearing classes. Industrial spinning process: Human being, are using fibers by spun into filaments, string, or rope, used as a raw materials, or tangled into sheets to construct the products such as paper or felt. The sorting process was vital as different sheep produce different quality of wool, resulting in different produce like clothing, carpets and blankets, while the quality of wool varies depending on the part of the sheep’s body it comes from. Here, we give you step by step instructions and encouragement to transform your raw sheep fleece into a ready to spin delight. There are many methods for cleaning fleece, all with the same general principles. If yours hasn’t, you’ve got your work cut out for you. CLEANING AND SCOURING: The dirty side of wool processing - The raw or greasy wool taken from the sheep contains a substantial amount of natural contaminants, such as sand, dirt, grease, and dried sweat (called suint) and may also contain pesticide residues. Some engaged in commerce and formed groups known as merchant guilds. To avoid felting, avoid agitation (especially in warm or hot water) and sudden temperature changes. Also called greasy/raw wool. Submerge your wool. They are extremely heavy, and dark brown with dirt (keep in mind that it takes a sheep an entire year to grow their fleeces this long, and sheep don't take true baths besides being rained on). There are many methods used for washing wool, depending on the type of wool you’re washing, the water you’re using, the space you have, and the quantity of raw wool … Wool is cleaned by a series of steps. You’ll also want to remove any unusable fiber, such as the coarse fiber from around the legs, tail, and even the neck. Many British companies produce high quality wool top in Britain from British wool and fibre; most work with the … In the case of wool, the raw loose fiber is first scoured, washed, dried and blended – this is a compulsory process that is necessarily done at this stage. In seeking means of protection and warmth, humans in the Neolithic Age wore animal pelts as clothing. Unless you’re using it for felting, card your wool before dyeing as carding can expose sections of the fiber that weren’t saturated by the dye bath. If you come across small areas that are felted, still have significant debris embedded, or are simply difficult to clean, they can be snipped out later. Greasy wool is sometimes called 'raw' wool. Second cuts: Short tufts of wool cut at least twice by the shearing. Your wool is ready to be carded and spun! If you want to hurry the process, you can shut the wool in a small room with a heater. Dry The Wool. You want the gloves high on your arm when dunking and thick to prevent pricks from vegetable matter.garment bagsThe ones pictured are from Dollar Tree. Roving is the raw material for spinning, it’s a very uniform strand of fibres – even, straight fibres ready for spinning. This post may contain affiliate links. They are extremely heavy, and dark brown with dirt (keep in mind that it takes a sheep an entire year to grow their fleeces this long, and sheep don't take true baths besides being rained on). It rained yesterday and the sheep are cleaner than they've been in weeks." Wool contamination, entanglement, washing, scouring, cleaning, bowls, squeeze rollers, harrows, blending, detergent, chemical treatments, drying, automation, effluent, packaging, sampling Introduction to the topic This topic provides an overview of the wool scouring process, placing it in an historical context and presenting the principal objectives and functions of the modern industry. Learn more about wool processing at woolmark.com. This is just one way of doing it - using our mesh bags - there are many ways of going about cleaning a fleece.. 1. Add your scouring product to the water and gently agitate. Separate your fleece into small bundles, about what you could hold with both hands together. I typically purchase my own bare yarn and dye it. Lay your fleece out as neatly as possible and take a look at it. If your garment bags are significantly larger than the bundles of wool, fold the bags just like you would with a half-empty bag of potato chips. The raw wool is called greasy wool, Wool washing is the second step after sheering the fleece from sheep. I don’t work much with raw wool. The Prelude... Part 1: "I wish the sheep shearer would hurry up and get here. Soak for 45 minutes to an hour. The wool from one flock. It is essential to remember that exposing raw wool to heat and agitation will cause it to “felt”. Noils: The short and sometimes defective wool fibers removed in the combing process… Luckily three were lost after I zipped the bags closed, so I only had to tie one bag shut.I recommend a sturdier set if you plan to do this more than once.